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Local Water Quality Issues
Agricultural activities contribute to phosphorus and sediment through leaching and runoff and grazing livestock contribute some phosphorus and sediment loading to the Bear River. Moderate to steep slopes can be found in the Central Bear subbasin. The erosion potential here is considerable with rills and gullies from spring snow melt and storm events. Additional water quality impacts may include sediment, nutrients and bacteria from unlimited access for livestock to creeks and springs.
The most common rangeland problem in this subbasin is lack of proper distribution of livestock grazing. The second most common problem is the lack of watering facilities for livestock, which worsens the distribution problem.
Treatments for riparian areas, cropland, rangeland and livestock operations have been put in place. Best Management Practices (BMPs) that have been installed are Watering Facilities, Grade Stabilization, Fencing, Pest Management, Range Planting and more. The following BMPs are needed for rangelands: Prescribed Grazing, Watering Facility, Water Well, Pumping Plant; Spring Development, Pipeline, Range Planting, Prescribed Burning, Brush Management, Fence and Pest Management. For more information see the Central Bear (Bear River Mainstem) TMDL Implementation Plan for Agriculture.
(WQPA) The Water Quality Program for Agriculture
(RCRDP) The Resource Conservation and Rangeland Development Loan Program
(CIG) Conservation Improvement Grants
(SRF) State Revolving Loan Funds
Clean Water Act 319 subgrants